The number of dirt roads is amazingly high in Hungary. Many people live habitually and inevitably along dirt roads in the rural areas of Bács Kiskun, Békés and Csongrád counties. While in Western Europe 96 percent of public roads are paved, this ratio in Hungary is only 38 percent. The difference is even greater in rural areas.
The village of Csanytelek in Csongrád county is situated by the river Tisza. More than third of the population lives along dirt roads. In rainy weather the ground alongside the river becomes completely impassable. Just like in other settlements similar to Csanytelek, not only is it impossible for the ambulance to reach a patient with a heart attack within 15 minutes, it is virtually beyond any chance to find a tractor that could tow the ambulance to the patient.

Depopulated farmlands, migration and the spreading of poverty also characterize “Mud Country”. Millions living in the deepest poverty, an extremely small middle class and more and more people who cannot provide for their family despite having a job – these are the features of Hungary. One in every three Hungarians, that is 3,3 million people live in poverty. 1,2 million of them must endure extreme poverty, which is an extraordinarily high number for a country with a population of 9.9 million. Almost every second hungarian is living in cramped conditions, every fourth flat is not properly protected against rain or has mould on the walls and almost one million households do not have electricity, heating and gas.

A significant proportion of youth and middle aged Hungarians desire to leave the country and have already started planning their emigration. Currently, more than 600,000 Hungarians live abroad in the European Union. Half of the people between the ages of 19 and 30, and one third of those between 30 and 40 years would like to work abroad.